How to create an energy model for MANET using NS2 Simulator

Description

In a wireless network, the energy model is one of the optional attributes of a node. The energy model denotes the level of energy in a mobile node. The components required for designing energy model includes initialEnergy, txPower, rxPower, and idlePower. The “initialEnergy” represents the level of energy the node has at the initial stage of the simulation. “txPower” and “rxPower” denotes the energy consumed for transmitting and receiving the packets. If the node is a sensor, the energy model should include a special component called “sensePower”. It denotes the energy consumed during the sensing operation. The tcl script in sample7.tcl illustrates the energy model in the wireless network with three nodes that are deployed in the area of 500m x 500m. Each node is assigned to 10 Joules as “initialEnergy”.

#Filename: sample7.tcl

#***************************ENERGY MODEL**********************#
# Simulator Instance Creation
set ns [new Simulator]

#Fixing the co-ordinate of simutaion area
set val(x) 500
set val(y) 500
# Define options
set val(chan) Channel/WirelessChannel ;# channel type
set val(prop) Propagation/TwoRayGround ;# radio-propagation model
set val(netif) Phy/WirelessPhy ;# network interface type
set val(mac) Mac/802_11 ;# MAC type
set val(ifq) Queue/DropTail/PriQueue ;# interface queue type
set val(ll) LL ;# link layer type
set val(ant) Antenna/OmniAntenna ;# antenna model
set val(ifqlen) 50 ;# max packet in ifq
set val(nn) 10 ;# number of mobilenodes
set val(rp) AODV ;# routing protocol
set val(x) 500 ;# X dimension of topography
set val(y) 500 ;# Y dimension of topography
set val(stop) 10.0 ;# time of simulation end
set val(energymodel) EnergyModel ;#Energy set up
# set up topography object
set topo [new Topography]
$topo load_flatgrid $val(x) $val(y)

# configure the nodes
$ns node-config -adhocRouting $val(rp) \
-llType $val(ll) \
-macType $val(mac) \
-ifqType $val(ifq) \
-ifqLen $val(ifqlen) \
-antType $val(ant) \
-propType $val(prop) \
-phyType $val(netif) \
-channelType $val(chan) \
-topoInstance $topo \
-energyModel $val(energymodel) \
-initialEnergy 10 \
-rxPower 0.5 \
-txPower 1.0 \
-idlePower 0.0 \
-sensePower 0.3 \
-agentTrace ON \
-routerTrace ON \
-macTrace OFF \
-movementTrace ON

# Node Creation

for {set i 0} {$i < 10} {incr i} {

set node_($i) [$ns node]
$node_($i) color black

}