How to work with directory in python?

Description

To handle the exception while handling the file using python3.

Current directory

  We can get the present working
directory using the getcwd() method.

  This method returns the current
working directory in the form of a string.

Change directory

  We can change the current working
directory using the chdir() method.

  We can use both forward slash (/)
or the backward slash (\) to separate path
elements.

Create new directory

  We can make a new directory using
the mkdir() method.

  If the full path is not specified,
the new directory is created in the current
working directory.

Rename a directory

  We can rename a directory by
using rename().

Remove a directory

  We can remove a directory by
using rmdir().

#import os library
import os
print(“Default directory”)
print(os.getcwd())
print(“\n”)

#change the current directory
os.chdir(‘/home/soft27/soft27/Python’)
print(“Changed directory”)
print(os.getcwd())
print(“\n”)

#create a new directory
os.mkdir(‘new files’)
print(“***New Directory***”)
print(os.listdir())
print(“\n”)

#renaming a directory
os.rename(‘new files’,’new python files’)
print(“***Remnamed directory***”)
print(os.listdir())
print(“\n”)

#removing a directory
os.rmdir(‘new python files’)
print(“***Removed directory***”)
print(os.listdir())

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