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How to encrypt and decrypt data using AES in java?


AES.java generates the sysmetric key using AES algorithm. Key size assigned here is 128 bits. It works for key size of 192 and 256 bits also by adding secuirty related files to jre1.6.0\lib\security folder. Encryption and decryption method is written based on AES algorithm. Message to encrypt can be given as input. Encrypted and decrypted text is displayed in message dialog.

Sample Code
  • Filename: AES.java

import javax.swing.*;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.KeyGenerator;
import javax.crypto.SecretKey;
import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;
import java.util.Random ;

class AES {
byte[] skey = new byte[1000];
String skeyString;
static byte[] raw;
String inputMessage,encryptedData,decryptedMessage;

public AES() {
try {

inputMessage=JOptionPane.showInputDialog(null,"Enter message to encrypt");
byte[] ibyte = inputMessage.getBytes();
byte[] ebyte=encrypt(raw, ibyte);
String encryptedData = new String(ebyte);
System.out.println("Encrypted message "+encryptedData);
JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null,"Encrypted Data "+"\n"+encryptedData);

byte[] dbyte= decrypt(raw,ebyte);
String decryptedMessage = new String(dbyte);
System.out.println("Decrypted message "+decryptedMessage);

JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null,"Decrypted Data "+"\n"+decryptedMessage);
catch(Exception e) {

void generateSymmetricKey() {
try {
Random r = new Random();
int num = r.nextInt(10000);
String knum = String.valueOf(num);
byte[] knumb = knum.getBytes();
skeyString = new String(skey);
System.out.println("AES Symmetric key = "+skeyString);
catch(Exception e) {
private static byte[] getRawKey(byte[] seed) throws Exception {
KeyGenerator kgen = KeyGenerator.getInstance("AES");
SecureRandom sr = SecureRandom.getInstance("SHA1PRNG");
kgen.init(128, sr); // 192 and 256 bits may not be available
SecretKey skey = kgen.generateKey();
raw = skey.getEncoded();
return raw;
private static byte[] encrypt(byte[] raw, byte[] clear) throws Exception {
SecretKeySpec skeySpec = new SecretKeySpec(raw, "AES");
Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES");
cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, skeySpec);
byte[] encrypted = cipher.doFinal(clear);
return encrypted;

private static byte[] decrypt(byte[] raw, byte[] encrypted) throws Exception {
SecretKeySpec skeySpec = new SecretKeySpec(raw, "AES");
Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES");
cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, skeySpec);
byte[] decrypted = cipher.doFinal(encrypted);
return decrypted;

public static void main(String args[]) {
AES aes = new AES();