Research Area:  Machine Learning
Credit and credit-based transactions underlie the financial system. After decades of development, artificial intelligence and machine learning have brought new momentum to the credit scoring model. In this study, a novel multi-stage ensemble model with enhanced outlier adaptation is proposed to achieve good predictive power for credit scoring. To reduce the adverse effects of outliers existing in the noise-filled credit datasets, a local outlier factor algorithm is enhanced with the bagging strategy to effectively identify outliers and subsequently boost them back into the training set to construct an outlier-adapted training set that enhances the outlier adaptability of base classifiers. To improve the feature interpretability, a new dimension-reduced feature transformation method is proposed to hierarchically evolve features and extract salient features. To further strengthen the predictive power of the proposed model, a stacking-based ensemble learning method with self-adaptive parameter optimization is proposed to optimize the parameters of selected base classifiers automatically and then to construct a stacking-based multi-stage ensemble model. Ten datasets are tested with six evaluation indicators to evaluate the performance of the proposed model. The experimental results including statistical test results indicate the superior performance of the proposed model and prove its significance and effectiveness.
Author(s) Name:  Wenyu Zhang,Dongqi Yang,Shuai Zhang,Jose H.Ablanedo-Rosas,XinWu,YuLou
Journal name:  Expert Systems with Applications
Publisher name:  Elsevier
Volume Information:  Volume 165, 1 March 2021, 113872
Paper Link:   https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0957417420306795