Research Area:  Machine Learning
Since the proposal of a fast learning algorithm for deep belief networks in 2006, the deep learning techniques have drawn ever-increasing research interests because of their inherent capability of overcoming the drawback of traditional algorithms dependent on hand-designed features. Deep learning approaches have also been found to be suitable for big data analysis with successful applications to computer vision, pattern recognition, speech recognition, natural language processing, and recommendation systems. In this paper, we discuss some widely-used deep learning architectures and their practical applications. An up-to-date overview is provided on four deep learning architectures, namely, autoencoder, convolutional neural network, deep belief network, and restricted Boltzmann machine. Different types of deep neural networks are surveyed and recent progresses are summarized. Applications of deep learning techniques on some selected areas (speech recognition, pattern recognition and computer vision) are highlighted. A list of future research topics are finally given with clear justifications.
Author(s) Name:  Weibo Liu, Zidong Wang, Xiaohui Liu, Nianyin Zeng, Yurong Liu,Fuad E.Alsaadi
Journal name:  Neurocomputing
Publisher name:  Elsevier B.V.
Volume Information:  Volume 234, Pages 11-26
Paper Link:   https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0925231216315533