Research Area:  Machine Learning
Federated Learning allows for population level models to be trained without centralizing client data by transmitting the global model to clients, calculating gradients locally, then averaging the gradients. Downloading models and uploading gradients uses the clients bandwidth, so minimizing these transmission costs is important. The data on each client is highly variable, so the benefit of training on different clients may differ dramatically. To exploit this we propose Active Federated Learning, where in each round clients are selected not uniformly at random, but with a probability conditioned on the current model and the data on the client to maximize efficiency. We propose a cheap, simple and intuitive sampling scheme which reduces the number of required training iterations by 20-70% while maintaining the same model accuracy, and which mimics well known resampling techniques under certain conditions.
Author(s) Name:  Jack Goetz, Kshitiz Malik, Duc Bui, Seungwhan Moon, Honglei Liu, Anuj Kumar
Journal name:  Computer Science
Publisher name:  arXiv:1909.12641
Paper Link:   https://arxiv.org/abs/1909.12641