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Alzheimer Disease Detection Techniques and Methods:A Review - 2021

Alzheimer Disease Detection Techniques And Methods:A Review

Research Area:  Machine Learning

Abstract:

Brain pathological changes linked with Alzheimer-s disease (AD) can be measured with Neuroimaging. In the past few years, these measures are rapidly integrated into the signatures of Alzheimer disease (AD) with the help of classification frameworks which are offering tools for diagnosis and prognosis. Here is the review study of Alzheimer-s disease based on Neuroimaging and cognitive impairment classification. This work is a systematic review for the published work in the field of AD especially the computer-aided diagnosis. The imaging modalities include 1) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 2) Functional MRI (fMRI) 3) Diffusion tensor imaging 4) Positron emission tomography (PET) and 5) amyloid-PET. The study revealed that the classification criterion based on the features shows promising results to diagnose the disease and helps in clinical progression. The most widely used machine learning classifiers for AD diagnosis include Support Vector Machine, Bayesian Classifiers, Linear Discriminant Analysis, and K-Nearest Neighbor along with Deep learning. The study revealed that the deep learning techniques and support vector machine give higher accuracies in the identification of Alzheimer-s disease. The possible challenges along with future directions are also discussed in the paper.

Keywords:  

Author(s) Name:  Sitara Afzal, Muazzam Maqsood, Umair Khan, Irfan Mehmood, Hina Nawaz, Farhan Aadil, Oh-Young Song, Yunyoung Nam

Journal name:  International Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence

Conferrence name:  

Publisher name:  IJIMAI

DOI:  10.9781/ijimai.2021.04.005

Volume Information:  Volume 6, Number 7,Number of Pages: 26-38