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Applied Machine Learning in Cancer Research:A systematic Review for Patient Diagnosis,Classification and Prognosis - 2021

Applied Machine Learning In Cancer Research:A Systematic Review For Patient Diagnosis,Classification And Prognosis

Survey on Applied Machine Learning In Cancer Research for Patients | S - Logix

Research Area:  Machine Learning


Artificial Intelligence (AI) has recently altered the landscape of cancer research and medical oncology using traditional Machine Learning (ML) algorithms and cutting-edge Deep Learning (DL) architectures. In this review article we focus on the ML aspect of AI applications in cancer research and present the most indicative studies with respect to the ML algorithms and data used. The PubMed and dblp databases were considered to obtain the most relevant research works of the last five years. Based on a comparison of the proposed studies and their research clinical outcomes concerning the medical ML application in cancer research, three main clinical scenarios were identified. We give an overview of the well-known DL and Reinforcement Learning (RL) methodologies, as well as their application in clinical practice, and we briefly discuss Systems Biology in cancer research. We also provide a thorough examination of the clinical scenarios with respect to disease diagnosis, patient classification and cancer prognosis and survival. The most relevant studies identified in the preceding year are presented along with their primary findings. Furthermore, we examine the effective implementation and the main points that need to be addressed in the direction of robustness, explainability and transparency of predictive models. Finally, we summarize the most recent advances in the field of AI/ML applications in cancer research and medical oncology, as well as some of the challenges and open issues that need to be addressed before data-driven models can be implemented in healthcare systems to assist physicians in their daily practice.

Machine Learning
Patient Diagnosis
Classification And Prognosis
medical oncology
Deep Learning

Author(s) Name:  Konstantina Kourou, Konstantinos P. Exarchos, Costas Papaloukas, Prodromos Sakaloglou, Themis Exarchos, Dimitrios I. Fotiadis

Journal name:  Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal

Conferrence name:  

Publisher name:  Elsevier

DOI:  10.1016/j.csbj.2021.10.006

Volume Information:  Volume 19, 2021, Pages 5546-5555