Research Area:  Machine Learning
Emotional state recognition of a speaker is a difficult task for machine learning algorithms which plays an important role in the field of speech emotion recognition (SER). SER plays a significant role in many real-time applications such as human behavior assessment, human-robot interaction, virtual reality, and emergency centers to analyze the emotional state of speakers. Previous research in this field is mostly focused on handcrafted features and traditional convolutional neural network (CNN) models used to extract high-level features from speech spectrograms to increase the recognition accuracy and overall model cost complexity. In contrast, we introduce a novel framework for SER using a key sequence segment selection based on redial based function network (RBFN) similarity measurement in clusters. The selected sequence is converted into a spectrogram by applying the STFT algorithm and passed into the CNN model to extract the discriminative and salient features from the speech spectrogram. Furthermore, we normalize the CNN features to ensure precise recognition performance and feed them to the deep bi-directional long short-term memory (BiLSTM) to learn the temporal information for recognizing the final state of emotion. In the proposed technique, we process the key segments instead of the whole utterance to reduce the computational complexity of the overall model and normalize the CNN features before their actual processing, so that it can easily recognize the Spatio-temporal information. The proposed system is evaluated over different standard dataset including IEMOCAP, EMO-DB, and RAVDESS to improve the recognition accuracy and reduce the processing time of the model, respectively. The robustness and effectiveness of the suggested SER model is proved from the experimentations when compared to state-of-the-art SER methods with an achieve up to 72.25%, 85.57%, and 77.02% accuracy over IEMOCAP, EMO-DB, and RAVDESS dataset, respectively.
Author(s) Name:  Mustaqeem; Muhammad Sajjad; Soonil Kwon
Journal name:  IEEE Access
Publisher name:  IEEE
Volume Information:  ( Volume: 8) Page(s): 79861 - 79875
Paper Link:   https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/9078789