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DQRE-SCnet: a novel hybrid approach for selecting users in federated learning with deep-Q-reinforcement learning based on spectral clustering - 2021

Dqre-Scnet: A Novel Hybrid Approach For Selecting Users In Federated Learning With Deep-Q-Reinforcement Learning Based On Spectral Clustering

A hybrid approach for selecting users in federated learning with deep-Q-reinforcement learning | S - Logix

Research Area:  Machine Learning


Machine learning models based on sensitive data in the real-world promise advances in areas ranging from medical screening to disease outbreaks, agriculture, industry, defense science, and more. In many applications, learning participant communication rounds benefit from collecting their own private data sets, teaching detailed machine learning models on the real data, and sharing the benefits of using these models. Due to existing privacy and security concerns, most people avoid sensitive data sharing for training. Without each user demonstrating their local data to a central server, Federated Learning allows various parties to train a machine learning algorithm on their shared data jointly. This method of collective privacy learning results in the expense of important communication during training. Most large-scale machine learning applications require decentralized learning based on data sets generated on various devices and places. Such datasets represent an essential obstacle to decentralized learning, as their diverse contexts contribute to significant differences in the delivery of data across devices and locations. Researchers have proposed several ways to achieve data privacy in Federated Learning systems. However, there are still challenges with homogeneous local data. This researchs approach is to select nodes (users) to share their data in Federated Learning for independent data-based equilibrium to improve accuracy, reduce training time, and increase convergence. Therefore, this research presents a combined Deep-Q-Reinforcement Learning Ensemble based on Spectral Clustering called DQRE-SCnet to choose a subset of devices in each communication round. Based on the results, it has been displayed that it is possible to decrease the number of communication rounds needed in Federated Learning. The realized reduction in the communication rounds are 51%, 25%, and 44% on the three datasets MNIST, Fashion MNIST, and CIFAR-10, respectively.

Machine learning model
medical screening
disease outbreaks
defense science
federated learning system
deep-Q-Reinforcement learning

Author(s) Name:  Mohsen Ahmadi,Danial Javaheri,Ali Taghavirashidizadeh,Armin Masoumian Ghoushchi,YaghoubPourasade

Journal name:  Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences

Conferrence name:  

Publisher name:  Elsevier

DOI:  10.1016/j.jksuci.2021.08.019

Volume Information:  27 August 2021