Research Area:  Machine Learning
Heterogeneous Face Recognition (HFR) refers to matching cross-domain faces and plays a crucial role in public security. Nevertheless, HFR is confronted with challenges from large domain discrepancy and insufficient heterogeneous data. In this paper, we formulate HFR as a dual generation problem, and tackle it via a novel Dual Variational Generation (DVG-Face) framework. Specifically, a dual variational generator is elaborately designed to learn the joint distribution of paired heterogeneous images. However, the small-scale paired heterogeneous training data may limit the identity diversity of sampling. In order to break through the limitation, we propose to integrate abundant identity information of large-scale visible data into the joint distribution. Furthermore, a pairwise identity preserving loss is imposed on the generated paired heterogeneous images to ensure their identity consistency. As a consequence, massive new diverse paired heterogeneous images with the same identity can be generated from noises. The identity consistency and identity diversity properties allow us to employ these generated images to train the HFR network via a contrastive learning mechanism, yielding both domain-invariant and discriminative embedding features. Concretely, the generated paired heterogeneous images are regarded as positive pairs, and the images obtained from different samplings are considered as negative pairs. Our method achieves superior performances over state-of-the-art methods on seven challenging databases belonging to five HFR tasks, including NIR-VIS, Sketch-Photo, Profile-Frontal Photo, Thermal-VIS, and ID-Camera.
Author(s) Name:  Chaoyou Fu; Xiang Wu; Yibo Hu; Huaibo Huang; Ran He
Journal name:  IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence ( Early Access )
Publisher name:  IEEE
Volume Information:  Page(s): 1 - 1
Paper Link:   https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/9328280