Research Area:  Machine Learning
This article presents a hybrid approach based on a Grounded Text Generation (GTG) model to building robust task bots at scale. GTG is a hybrid model which uses a large-scale Transformer neural network as its backbone, combined with symbol-manipulation modules for knowledge base inference and prior knowledge encoding, to generate responses grounded in dialog belief state and real-world knowledge for task completion. GTG is pre-trained on large amounts of raw text and human conversational data, and can be fine-tuned to complete a wide range of tasks. The hybrid approach and its variants are being developed simultaneously by multiple research teams. The primary results reported on task-oriented dialog benchmarks are very promising, demonstrating the big potential of this approach. This article provides an overview of this progress and discusses related methods and technologies that can be incorporated for building robust conversational AI systems.
Author(s) Name:  Jianfeng Gao, Baolin Peng, Chunyuan Li, Jinchao Li, Shahin Shayandeh, Lars Liden, Heung-Yeung Shum
Journal name:  Microsoft Research
Publisher name:  Cornell University
Paper Link:   https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.03457