Research Area:  Machine Learning
Deep learning has emerged as a new area of machine learning research. It is an approach that can learn features and hierarchical representation purely from data and has been successfully applied to several fields such as images, sounds, text and motion. The techniques developed from deep learning research have already been impacting the research on Natural Language Processing (NLP). Arabic diacritics are vital components of Arabic text that remove ambiguity from words and reinforce the meaning of the text. In this paper, a Deep Belief Network (DBN) is used as a diacritizer for Arabic text. DBN is an algorithm among deep learning that has recently proved to be very effective for a variety of machine learning problems. We evaluate the use of DBNs as classifiers in automatic Arabic text diacritization. The DBN was trained to individually classify each input letter with the corresponding diacritized version. Experiments were conducted using two benchmark datasets, the LDC ATB3 and Tashkeela. Our best settings achieve a DER and WER of 2.21% and 6.73%, receptively, on the ATB3 benchmark with an improvement of 26% over the best published results. On the Tashkeela benchmark, our system continues to achieve high accuracy with a DER of 1.79% and 14% improvement.
Author(s) Name:  Waref Almanaseer,Mohammad Alshraideh and Omar Alkadi
Journal name:   Applied Sciences
Publisher name:  MDPI
Volume Information:  Volume 11,Issue 11
Paper Link:   https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3417/11/11/5228/htm