Research Area:  Machine Learning
Reducing the dimension of the hyperspectral image data can directly reduce the redundancy of the data, thus improving the accuracy of hyperspectral image classification. In this paper, the deep belief network algorithm in the theory of deep learning is introduced to extract the in-depth features of the imaging spectral image data. Firstly, the original data is mapped to feature space by unsupervised learning methods through the Restricted Boltzmann Machine (RBM). Then, a deep belief network will be formed by superimposed multiple Restricted Boltzmann Machines and training the model parameters by using the greedy algorithm layer by layer. At the same time, as the objective of data dimensionality reduction is achieved, the underground feature construction of the original data will be formed. The final step is to connect the depth features of the output to the Softmax regression classifier to complete the fine-tuning (FT) of the model and the final classification. Experiments using imaging spectral data showing the in-depth features extracted by the profound belief network algorithm have better robustness and separability. It can significantly improve the classification accuracy and has a good application prospect in hyperspectral image information extraction.
Author(s) Name:  Xiaoai Dai,Junying Cheng,Yu Gao, Shouheng Guo,Xingping Yang,Xiaoqian Xu, and Yi Cen
Journal name:  Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Publisher name:  Hindawi
Volume Information:  Volume 2020
Paper Link:   https://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2020/2387823/