Research Area:  Machine Learning
The new Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is rapidly affecting the world population with statistics quickly falling out of date. Due to the limited availability of annotated Coronavirus X-ray and CT images, the detection of COVID-19 remains the biggest challenge in diagnosing this disease. This paper provides a promising solution by proposing a COVID-19 detection system based on deep learning. The proposed deep learning modalities are based on convolutional neural network (CNN) and convolutional long short-term memory (ConvLSTM). Two different datasets are adopted for the simulation of the proposed modalities. The first dataset includes a set of CT images, while the second dataset includes a set of X-ray images. Both of these datasets consist of two categories: COVID-19 and normal. In addition, COVID-19 and pneumonia image categories are classified in order to validate the proposed modalities. The proposed deep learning modalities are tested on both X-ray and CT images as well as a combined dataset that includes both types of images. They achieved an accuracy of 100% and an F1 score of 100% in some cases. The simulation results reveal that the proposed deep learning modalities can be considered and adopted for quick COVID-19 screening.
Author(s) Name:  Ahmed Sedik, Mohamed Hammad, Fathi E. Abd El-Samie, Brij B. Gupta & Ahmed A. Abd El-Latif
Journal name:   Neural Computing and Applications
Publisher name:  Springer
Volume Information:  Volume 2021
Paper Link:   https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00521-020-05410-8