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Local Differential Privacy-Based Federated Learning for Internet of Things - 2020

Local Differential Privacy-Based Federated Learning For Internet Of Things

Research Area:  Machine Learning

Abstract:

The Internet of Vehicles (IoV) is a promising branch of the Internet of Things. IoV simulates a large variety of crowdsourcing applications, such as Waze, Uber, and Amazon Mechanical Turk, etc. Users of these applications report the real-time traffic information to the cloud server which trains a machine learning model based on traffic information reported by users for intelligent traffic management. However, crowdsourcing application owners can easily infer users location information, traffic information, motor vehicle information, environmental information, etc., which raises severe sensitive personal information privacy concerns of the users. In addition, as the number of vehicles increases, the frequent communication between vehicles and the cloud server incurs unexpected amount of communication cost. To avoid the privacy threat and reduce the communication cost, in this article, we propose to integrate federated learning and local differential privacy (LDP) to facilitate the crowdsourcing applications to achieve the machine learning model. Specifically, we propose four LDP mechanisms to perturb gradients generated by vehicles. The proposed Three-Outputs mechanism introduces three different output possibilities to deliver a high accuracy when the privacy budget is small. The output possibilities of Three-Outputs can be encoded with two bits to reduce the communication cost. Besides, to maximize the performance when the privacy budget is large, an optimal piecewise mechanism (PM-OPT) is proposed. We further propose a suboptimal mechanism (PM-SUB) with a simple formula and comparable utility to PM-OPT. Then, we build a novel hybrid mechanism by combining Three-Outputs and PM-SUB. Finally, an LDP-FedSGD algorithm is proposed to coordinate the cloud server and vehicles to train the model collaboratively. Extensive experimental results on real-world data sets validate that our proposed algorithms are capable of protecting privacy while guaranteeing utility.

Keywords:  

Author(s) Name:  Yang Zhao; Jun Zhao; Mengmeng Yang; Teng Wang; Ning Wang; Lingjuan Lyu; Dusit Niyato; Kwok-Yan Lam

Journal name:  IEEE Internet of Things Journal

Conferrence name:  

Publisher name:  IEEE

DOI:  10.1109/JIOT.2020.3037194

Volume Information:  ( Volume: 8, Issue: 11, June1, 1 2021) Page(s): 8836 - 8853