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Sentiment analysis for food review using keras with deep learning?


To build a deep learning model for classify food product reviews using keras.


Restaurant food review data set (Kaggle).


Confusion matrix, classification report and accuracy score.



   Load the data set.

  Do pre-pocessing like remove punctuation, stopwords, etc..

  Convert text data into vector format.

  Define the independent and dependent variable.

  Build the deep neural networks.

  Initiate activation and optimizer functions according to the problem.

  Compile and fit the DNN model.

  Split the data into train and testing set.

  Fit the training set into the model.

  Predict the test results using DNN.

  Calculate the accuracy, precision and recall.

Sample Code

#import necessary libraries
import warnings
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
import time
import re
from sklearn.feature_extraction.text import TfidfVectorizer
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import seaborn as sns
from keras.models import Sequential
from keras.layers import Dense
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
from keras.utils import np_utils
from sklearn.metrics import classification_report, confusion_matrix, accuracy_score

#column header
names = [‘comments’,’type’]

#load data
data = pd.read_table(‘/home/soft50/soft50/Sathish/practice/yelp_labelled.txt’,sep=”\t”,names = names)

#check missing values
print(“Checking missing values\n\n”)

#make it as a data frame
df = pd.DataFrame(data)

#counts in each class
print(“Counts in each class\n”)

X = df[‘comments’]
y = df[‘type’]

#change text lower cases and removal of white spaces
lower_text = []
for i in range(0,len(X)):
s = str(X[i])
s1 = s.strip()
#print(“After converting text to lower case\n\n”,lower_text)

#Remove punctuation
punc_text = []
for i in range(0,len(lower_text)):
s2 = (lower_text[i])
s3 = re.sub(r'[^\w\s2]’,”,s2)
#print(“After removed punctuation\n\n”,punc_text)

#Word vectorization
#Initialize the TF-IDF vectorizer
tfidf = TfidfVectorizer(sublinear_tf=True, min_df=5,max_df = 0.7,norm=’l2′, encoding=’latin-1′, ngram_range=(1, 2),

#transform independent variable using TF-IDF vectorizer
X_tfidf = tfidf.fit_transform(punc_text)
print(“After vectorized text data\n\n”,X_tfidf)

#Split the data into train and testing
X_train, X_test, Y_train, Y_test = train_test_split(X_tfidf, y, test_size=0.1, random_state=0)

#Print training data
print(“Training data\n\n”,X_train,”\n”,Y_train)

#Print testing data
print(“Testing data\n\n”,X_test)

#make dependent variable categorical
Y_train = np_utils.to_categorical(Y_train,num_classes=2)
Y_test = np_utils.to_categorical(Y_test,num_classes=2)

batch_size = 20

#shape of input
n_cols_2 = X_train.shape[1]

#create deep neural networks
model_2 = Sequential()

#add layers to model
model_2.add(Dense(250, activation=’relu’, input_shape=(n_cols_2,)))
model_2.add(Dense(250, activation=’relu’))
model_2.add(Dense(250, activation=’relu’))
model_2.add(Dense(2, activation=’softmax’))

#Compile the model
model_2.compile(optimizer=’adam’, loss=’binary_crossentropy’, metrics=[‘accuracy’])

#Here we train the Network.
start_time = time.time(), Y_train, batch_size = batch_size, epochs = 10, verbose = 2)
end_time = time.time()
elapsed_time = end_time – start_time
print(“Time to train model: %.3f seconds” % elapsed_time)

#Evaluate the network
start_time = time.time()
score,acc = model_2.evaluate(X_test,Y_test,verbose = 2,batch_size = batch_size)
end_time = time.time()
elapsed_time = end_time – start_time
print(“Time to evaluate model: %.3f seconds” % elapsed_time)

#Predict the test results
prediction = model_2.predict(X_test)
length = len(prediction)
y_label = np.argmax(Y_test,axis=1)
predict_label = np.argmax(prediction,axis=1)

#classification report
print(“Confusion Matrix\n”,confusion_matrix(y_label,predict_label))
print(“Classification Report\n”,classification_report(y_label,predict_label))
print(“Accuracy : “,accuracy_score(y_label,predict_label)*100)

Sentiment analysis for food review using keras with deep learning
import necessary libraries
import warnings
import pandas as pd
Load the data set
Convert text data into vector format