Research Area:  Machine Learning
The stock market is a key pivot in every growing and thriving economy, and every investment in the market is aimed at maximising profit and minimising associated risk. As a result, numerous studies have been conducted on the stock-market prediction using technical or fundamental analysis through various soft-computing techniques and algorithms. This study attempted to undertake a systematic and critical review of about one hundred and twenty-two (122) pertinent research works reported in academic journals over 11 years (2007–2018) in the area of stock market prediction using machine learning. The various techniques identified from these reports were clustered into three categories, namely technical, fundamental, and combined analyses. The grouping was done based on the following criteria: the nature of a dataset and the number of data sources used, the data timeframe, the machine learning algorithms used, machine learning task, used accuracy and error metrics and software packages used for modelling. The results revealed that 66% of documents reviewed were based on technical analysis; whiles 23% and 11% were based on fundamental analysis and combined analyses, respectively. Concerning the number of data source, 89.34% of documents reviewed, used single sources; whiles 8.2% and 2.46% used two and three sources respectively. Support vector machine and artificial neural network were found to be the most used machine learning algorithms for stock market prediction.
Author(s) Name:  Isaac Kofi Nti, Adebayo Felix Adekoya & Benjamin Asubam Weyori
Journal name:  Artificial Intelligence Review
Publisher name:  Springer
Volume Information:  volume 53, pages3007–3057 (2020)
Paper Link:   https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10462-019-09754-z