Research Area:  Wireless Sensor Networks
The concentration of data traffic toward sink makes sensor nodes nearby have heavier communication burden and more quickly use up their energy, leading to energy hole problem. Sink mobility can realize load balancing data delivery by changing the hotspots around the sink as the sink moves. However, sink mobility also brings about the problem of localization of sink. Frequently broadcasting of mobile sinks’ position will generate significant overhead. In this paper, we propose a novel heterogeneous adaptive relay chain routing protocol with a few mobile relay nodes, which is applied to large-scale 1-D long chain network. Mobile relay node is the sink of local subnetwork. The protocol achieves the following performances. First, through scheduled movement of the mobile relay nodes, load balancing is achieved not only among sensor nodes but also among high tier relay nodes in continuous data delivery model. Second, in the context of clock synchronization among nodes, every node decides its operating state by algorithm stored in its own processor. So, there is no need for advertisement of mobile relay nodes’ location. Only a few messages for clock synchronization among nodes are needed. Third, by synthetically utilizing node deployment strategy and routing protocol, base station can real-time monitoring residual energy of sensor nodes for timely maintenance, which can extend the protocol to be suitable for event-driven and query-driven data delivery models. Finally, the performances are evaluated via extensive simulations.
Author(s) Name:  Lingxu Kong, Kaixue Ma, Bo Qiao and Xiao Guo
Journal name:   IEEE Sensors Journal
Publisher name:  IEEE
Volume Information:   Volume: 16, Issue: 14, July15, 2016, Page(s): 5826 - 5836
Paper Link:   https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7469820