Research Area:  Wireless Sensor Networks
Opportunistic routing, offering relatively efficient and adaptive forwarding in low-duty-cycled sensor networks, generally allows multiple nodes to forward the same packet simultaneously, especially in networks with intensive traffic. Uncoordinated transmissions often incur a number of duplicate packets, which are further forwarded in the network, occupy the limited network resource, and hinder the packet delivery performance. Existing solutions to this issue, e.g., overhearing or coordination based approaches, either cannot scale up with the system size, or suffer high control overhead. We present Duplicate-Detectable Opportunistic Forwarding (DOF), a duplicate-free opportunistic forwarding protocol for low-duty-cycled wireless sensor networks. DOF enables senders to obtain the information of all potential forwarders via a slotted acknowledgment scheme, so the data packets can be sent to the deterministic next-hop forwarder. Based on light-weight coordination, DOF explores the opportunities as many as possible and removes duplicate packets from the forwarding process. We implement DOF and evaluate its performance on an indoor testbed with 20 TelosB nodes. The experimental results show that DOF reduces the average duplicate ratio by 90%, compared to state-of-the-art opportunistic protocols, and achieves 61.5% enhancement in network yield and 51.4% saving in energy consumption.
Author(s) Name:  Daibo Liu,Mengshu Hou,Zhichao Cao, Jiliang Wang,Yuan He and Yunhao Liu
Journal name:  IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking
Publisher name:  IEEE
Volume Information:  Volume: 24, Issue: 2, April 2016,Page(s): 662 - 673
Paper Link:   https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7031452