Research Area:  Wireless Sensor Networks
Enhancing the network lifetime of wireless sensor networks is an essential task. It involves sensor deployment, cluster formation, routing, and effective utilization of battery units. Clustering and routing are important techniques for adequate enhancement of the network lifetime. Since the existing clustering and routing approaches have high message overhead due to forwarding collected data to sinks or the base station, it creates premature death of sensors and hot-spot issues. The objective of this study is to design a dynamic clustering and optimal routing mechanism for data collection in order to enhance the network lifetime. A new dynamic clustering approach is proposed to prevent premature sensor death and avoid the hot spot problem. In addition, an Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) technique is adopted for effective path selection of mobile sinks. The proposed algorithm is compared with existing routing methodologies, such as LEACH, GA, and PSO. The simulation results show that the proposed cluster head selection algorithm with ACO-based MDC enhances the sensor network lifetime significantly.
Author(s) Name:  Muralitharan Krishnan, Sangwoon Yun and Yoon Mo Jung
Journal name:  Wireless Networks
Publisher name:  Springer
Volume Information:  volume 25, pages 4859–4871 (2019)
Paper Link:   https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11276-018-1762-8