Research Area:  Wireless Sensor Networks
The idea of Smart City incorporates a few ideas being technology, economy, governance, people, management, and infrastructure. This implies a Smart City can have distinctive communication needs. Wireless technologies, for example, WiFi, Zig Bee, Bluetooth, WiMax, 4G or LTE have introduced themselves as a solution for the communication in Smart City activities. Nonetheless, as the majority of them utilize unlicensed interference, coexistence and bands issues are increasing. So to solve the problem IoT is used in smart cities. This paper addresses the issues of both resource allocation and routing to propose an energy efficient, congestion aware resource allocation and routing protocol (ECRR) for IoT network based on hybrid optimization techniques. The first contribution of proposed ECRR technique is to employ the data clustering and metaheuristic algorithm for allocate the large-scale devices and gateways of IoT to reduce the total congestion between them. The second contribution is to propose a queue based swarm optimization algorithm for select a better route for future route based on multiple constraints, which improves the route discovering mechanism. The proposed ECRR technique is implemented in Network Simulator (NS-2) tool and the simulation results are compared with the existing state-of-art techniques in terms of energy consumption, node lifetime, throughput, end-to-end delay, packet delivery ratio and packet overheads.
Author(s) Name:  K. V. Praveen & P. M. Joe Prathap
Journal name:  Wireless Personal Communications
Publisher name:  Springer
Volume Information:  volume 117, pages 1187–1207 (2021)
Paper Link:   https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11277-020-07917-8