Research Area:  Wireless Sensor Networks
Energy-efficient resource-optimization for multiple application scenarios requires appropriate clustering-based network-fractioning that skillfully removes unbalanced network connectivity, which is a stimulating bottleneck in WSN-performance. This paper proposes a new Uniform Connectivity-based clustering Protocol, called Lines-of-Uniformity based Enhanced-Threshold (LUET) to provide energy-efficient coverage in three-tier heterogeneous WSN. This protocol considers the nodes remnant-energy and its proximity from either of the lines of uniformity for lowering down average isolated node count in WSN. This paper also proposes a rotation epoch-based LUET variant, (LUET|R) that incorporates static epoch for initial clustering rounds until First-Node-Death to overcome the rapid fall after the death of the first node. The simulation model demonstrates the superiority of LUET and its variants over other established clustering protocols in terms of network-lifetime, power-efficiency, net death-rate, average isolated-nodes, throughput.
Author(s) Name:  Tanvi Sood,Kanika Sharma
Journal name:  Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences
Publisher name:  Elsevier
Paper Link:   https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1319157820304791