Research Area:  Wireless Sensor Networks
Nowadays wireless sensor networks enhance the life of human beings by helping them through several applications like precision agriculture, health monitoring, landslide detection, pollution control, etc. The built-in sensors on a sensor node are used to measure the various events like temperature, vibration, gas emission, etc., in the remotely deployed unmanned environment. The limited energy constraint of the sensor node causes a huge impact on the lifetime of the deployed network. The data transmitted by each sensor node cause significant energy consumption and it has to be efficiently used to improve the lifetime of the network. The energy consumption can be reduced significantly by incorporating mobility on a sink node. Thus the mobile data gathering can result in reduced energy consumption among all sensor nodes while transmitting their data. A special mobile sink node named as the mobile data transporter (MDT) is introduced in this paper to collect the information from the sensor nodes by visiting each of them and finally it sends them to the base station. The Data collection by the MDT is formulated as a discrete optimization problem which is termed as a data gathering tour problem. To reduce the distance traveled by the MDT during its tour, a nature-inspired heuristic discrete firefly algorithm is proposed in this paper to optimally collect the data from the sensor nodes. The proposed algorithm computes an optimal order to visit the sensor nodes by the MDT to collect their data with minimal travel distance. The proposed algorithm is compared with tree-based data collection approaches and ant colony optimization approach. The results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm outperform other approaches minimizing the tour length under different scenarios.
Author(s) Name:  G. Yogarajan and T. Revathi
Journal name:  Wireless Networks
Publisher name:  Springer
Volume Information:  volume 24, pages 2993–3007 (2018)
Paper Link:   https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11276-017-1517-y