Research Area:  Wireless Sensor Networks
In order to equalize network energy consumption, and extend the life cycle, the optimized protocol based on low-power adaptive cluster stratification (LEACH) is proposed. Firstly, considering residual energy and distance of nodes, the threshold function of the cluster head is modified, and the network region division strategy is optimized, to reasonably adjust the size of clusters. For intracluster transmission, a sleep mechanism is added to balance node energy consumption. And a new barycenter node is added to assist cluster head (CH) to complete the transmission task, thereby extending the service lifetime. In the multihop communication between clusters, in order to calculate the fitting factor of the next hop, we derived a new formula, which takes into account the angle, remaining energy, and distance. Simulation results show that the total remaining energy of the optimized LEACH protocol is reduced by 31.4%, and the network life cycle is increased by about 52%.
Author(s) Name:  Chunhua Lin and Feng Jiang
Journal name:  Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Publisher name:  Hindawi
Volume Information:  Volume 2021
Paper Link:   https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jece/2021/6658454/