Research Area:  Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
Internet of Things (IoT) based applications are being evolved in multiple fields to provide enhanced service to the world. IoT is a recent computing concept interconnecting the wired and wireless networks through the internet. Most mobile devices function only in an ad-hoc manner. Infrastructureless networks are called ad-hoc networks. IoT is an effective technology to utilize in Cognitive Radio Mobile Ad-hoc Network (CRMANET) instantaneously. The protocols that are developed for common ad-hoc networks will never suit for IoT-based-CRMANET because the delay they face is inversely proportional with real-time applications. Hence, there exists a need for designing and developing a better routing protocol that suits IoT-based ad-hoc networks. Multi adaptive route indicates the optimum cum efficient path which is selected when the priority of the node gets changed or failed, it may be due to problems that arise in nodes or network components. Multi-adaptive routes make sure the connectivity of the network and its operations before sending the data packet. This paper focuses on developing a Multi-Adaptive Routing Protocol (MARP) inspired by natural characteristics of fish for IoT-based ad-hoc networks to minimize the delay and the energy consumption to extend a network lifetime. NS3 simulation results indicate that MARP gives its best performance than other routing protocols in terms of Throughput, Packet Delivery Ratio, Packet Drop Ratio, Delay and Energy Consumption.
Author(s) Name:  J. Ramkumar & R. Vadivel
Journal name:  Wireless Personal Communications
Publisher name:  Springer
Volume Information:  volume 120, pages 887–909 (2021)
Paper Link:   https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11277-021-08495-z