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How to create Replica Cloning Attack in MANET in NS2?


If the operation environment is hostile, security mechanisms against adversaries should be taken into consideration. Among many physical attacks to sensor networks, the node clone is a serious and dangerous one. Because of production expense limitation, sensor nodes are generally short of tamper-resistance hardware components; thus, an adversary can capture a few nodes, extract code and all secret credentials, and use those materials to clone many nodes out of off-the-shelf sensor hardware. Those cloned nodes that seem legitimate can freely join the sensor network and then significantly enlarge the adversary’s capacities to manipulate the network maliciously.

In replica_attack.tcl, nodes 1, 2 and 4 are configured as attacker vehicles and they act as a cloning of genuine vehicle 3 and send multiple messages to conversation holder.

Sample Code

#Filename: replica_attack.tcl

set conversation_holder 3
set replica(0) 1
set replica(1) 2
set replica(2) 4

for { set k 0 } { $k < 3} { incr k } {
set udp1 [new Agent/UDP]
$ns_ attach-agent $node_($replica($k)) $udp1
set cbr1 [new Application/Traffic/CBR]
$cbr1 set packetSize_ 512
$cbr1 set interval_ 0.5
$cbr1 attach-agent $udp1
set null1 [new Agent/Null]
$ns_ attach-agent $node_($conversation_holder) $null1
$ns_ connect $udp1 $null1
$ns_ at [expr $now ] "$cbr1 start"
$ns_ at [expr $now + 1.0] "$cbr1 stop"
$ns_ at $now "$ns_ trace-annotate \"Attacker Pretends like multiple vehicle and
send message to conversation holder\""


Data flow

create Replica Cloning Attack in MANET