Research Area:  Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks
Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (VANET) has received better consideration from academic researcher and automobile companies in modern years. Meanwhile, Congestion control remains the major area of research in VANET due to its characteristics such as high mobility, high vehicle density, and unbounded network size, frequent exchange of information, rapidly changing network topology, and lack of central management. Congestion in the VANET broadcast channel may occur, because of number of vehicles in a relatively tiny area raises, the communications channel becomes exceed by beacon message, and event-driven messages. Researchers have suggested a number of answers to control these issues and also to reduce congestion in VANET atmosphere. Congestion in VANET occurs when the vehicles are in the dense part while the network node is carrying more data than it can handle. More vehicles in cluster area are attempting to broadcast simultaneously in dense condition, it will reduce Packet Delivery Ratio and thus congestion will occur. We proposed density based dynamic clustering (DBDC) which finds the high dense region in the cluster and do sub-clustering. First, we find Average Vehicle Density Threshold Value using Received Signal Strength (RSS) to determine the high dense part. Performance result shows our approach is better in all aspects comparing with VWCA clustering approach and also provides high cluster stability.
Author(s) Name:  R. Regin & T. Menakadevi
Journal name:  Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications
Publisher name:  Springer
Volume Information:  volume 14, pages 2361–2371 (2021)
Paper Link:   https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12083-020-00958-7