Research Area:  Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks
Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) represent a very promising research area because of their ever increasing demand, especially for public safety applications. In VANETs, vehicles communicate with each other to exchange road maps and traffic information. In many applications, location-based services are the main service, and localization accuracy is the main problem. The VANETs also require accurate vehicle location information in real time. To fulfill this requirement, a number of algorithms have been proposed; however, the location accuracy required for public safety applications in the VANETs has not been achieved. In this paper, an improved subspace algorithm is proposed for time of arrival measurements in VANETs localization. The proposed method gives a closed-form solution, and it is robust for large measurement noise, as it is based on the eigen form of a scalar product and dimensionality. Furthermore, we developed the Cramér-Rao Lower Bound (CRLB) to evaluate the performance of the proposed 3-D VANETs localization method. The performance of the proposed method was evaluated by comparison with the CRLB and other localization algorithms available in the literature through numerous simulations. Simulation results show that the proposed 3-D VANETs localization method is better than the literature methods, especially for fewer anchors at road side units and large noise variance.
Author(s) Name:  Abdul Rahim Ansari; Nasir Saeed; Mian Imtiaz Ul Haq; Sunghyun Cho
Journal name:  IEEE Access
Publisher name:  IEEE
Volume Information:  ( Volume: 6) Page(s): 20756 - 20763
Paper Link:   https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8334533