Research Area:  Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks
Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANET) is one of the most actual and challenging research areas in automotive companies and ITS designers. The presence of such networks opens the way for a wide range of applications such as safety applications, mobility and connectivity for both driver and passengers to exploit the transport systems in a smoothly, efficiently and safer way. For safety applications the best routing protocol must be selected. The three most common routing protocols that are used in VANET are: DSR, AODV and DSDV. Indeed, it is important and essential to test and evaluate different routing protocols related to VANET system before applying them in the real environment which can be done via VANET simulation tools. This paper evaluates the performance of three different routing protocols for VANET system in city of Khartoum. The performance is evaluated and compared in terms of PDR, average throughput, delay and total energy. Our objective is to estimate the performance of routing model for city scenario. The main goal is to find the suitable routing protocol in a high density traffic area in Khartoum. We have considered three routing protocols DSR, AODV and DSDV. The results indicate the poor quality of DSDV protocol which is a type from proactive routing protocols. The AODV protocol achieves maximum average throughput which is equal to 330.07 Kbps. The minimum value of delay obtained from using DSR protocol was 15.81 ms.
Author(s) Name:  Mayada Abdelgadir,Rashid A.Saeed,Abuagla Babiker
Journal name:  Vehicular Communications
Publisher name:  ELSEVIER
Volume Information:  Volume 9, July 2017
Paper Link:   https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S2214209616301164