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PRIVANET: An Efficient Pseudonym Changing and Management Framework for Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks - 2020

PRIVANET: An Efficient Pseudonym Changing and Management Framework for Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks

Research Area:  Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks


Protecting the location privacy is one of the main challenges in vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs). Although, standardization bodies, such as IEEE and ETSI, have adopted a pseudonym-based scheme as a solution for this problem, an efficient pseudonym changing and management is still an open issue. In this paper, we propose PRIVANET, a complete and efficient pseudonym changing and management framework. The PRIVANET has a hierarchical structure and considers the vehicular geographic area as a grid. Each cell of this grid contains one or many logical zones, called vehicular location privacy zones (VLPZs). These zones can easily be deployed over the widespread roadside infrastructures (RIs), such as gas stations, to provide a secure changing and management of pseudonyms. The proposed framework consists of different building blocks: 1) an effective VLPZ-based pseudonym changing strategy; 2) a reputation-based mechanism to motivate selfish vehicles to enter VLPZs; 3) an adapted user-centric privacy model; 4) a secure hybrid mechanism for the distribution of pseudonyms sets and CRLs; 5) a method to generate the IP and MAC addresses from the pseudonym; 6) a stochastic model to estimate the number of VLPZs required at a given cell; and 7) a mathematical model for an optimal placement of the VLPZs over RIs to reduce the transportation cost of vehicles in terms of time. An extensive simulation study using a realistic map and with real traffic mobility measurements is carried out to evaluate and validate the performance of the PRIVANET. The simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed framework.


Author(s) Name:  Abdelwahab Boualouache; Sidi-Mohammed Senouci; Samira Moussaoui

Journal name:  IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems

Conferrence name:  

Publisher name:  IEEE

DOI:  10.1109/TITS.2019.2924856

Volume Information:  ( Volume: 21, Issue: 8, Aug. 2020) Page(s): 3209 - 3218