Research Area:  Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks
IEEE 802.11p Wireless Access in the Vehicular Environment (WAVE) has been serving as the de facto wireless protocol for a Vehicular Ad hoc Network (VANET) with the explosive growth of vehicular applications. These applications require guaranteed Quality-of-Service (QoS). However, the fundamental channel access mechanism of WAVE, Enhanced Distributed Channel Access (EDCA), is not able to provide guaranteed QoS due to the unpredictable random access. To remedy this problem, we propose a novel channel access scheme, called Earliest Deadline First based Carrier Sense Multiple Access (EDF-CSMA). EDF-CSMA based on EDCA dynamically adjusts the priority of real-time streaming to avoid collision and introduces an admission control policy according to time constraints to provide guaranteed QoS in multi-channel environments. An analytical model is carried out to study and compare the channel utilization of EDF-CSMA and QoS-aware Hybrid Coordination Function (HCF) controlled channel access (HCCA) method. The result shows that 60 percent of channel utilization is improved by EDF-CSMA. Additionally, real video-based simulations are conducted to evaluate the performance of EDF-CSMA and the existing EDCA method. The results show that EDF-CSMA reaches better QoS support than EDCA while maintaining efficient channel utilization.
Author(s) Name:  Che-Yu Chang,Hsu-Chun Yen and Der-Jiunn Deng
Journal name:  IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing
Publisher name:  IEEE
Volume Information:  Volume: 13, Issue: 1, Jan.-Feb. 1 2016
Paper Link:   https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7031428