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Social Networks and Privacy

Research Area:  Social Networks

Abstract:

   Centralized online social networks pose a threat to their users privacy as social network providers have unlimited access to users data. Decentralized social networks address this problem by getting rid of the provider and giving control to the users themselves, meaning that only the end-users themselves should be able to control access of other parties to their data. While there have been several proposals and advances in the development of privacy-preserving decentralized social networks, the goal of secure, efficient, and available social network in a decentralized setting has not been fully achieved.
   This thesis contributes to the research in the field of security for social networks with focus on decentralized social networks. It studies encryption-based access control and management of cryptographic keys/credentials (required for this access control) via user accounts with password-based login in decentralized social networks.
   First, this thesis explores the requirements of encryption for decentralized social networks and proposes a list of criteria for evaluation that is then used to assess existing encryption-based access control systems. We find that all of them provide confidentiality guarantees(of the content itself), while privacy (of information about the content or access policies)is either not addressed at all or it is addressed at the expense of system-s performance and flexibility.
   Second, the thesis analyses predicate encryption and adapts it to the DOSN context as it is too expensive to use out of the box. We propose a uni variate polynomial construction for access policies in PE that drastically increases performance of the scheme but leaks some part of the access policy to users with access rights. We utilize Bloom filters as a means of decreasing decryption time and indicate objects that can be decrypted by a particularuser.
   Third, the thesis presents a solution to the problem of management of cryptographic keys for authentication and communication between users in decentralized online social networks.We propose a password-based login procedure for the peer-to-peer (P2P) setting that allows a user who passes authentication to recover a set of cryptographic keys required for the application. In addition to password logins, we also present supporting protocols to provide functionality related to password logins, such as remembered logins, password change, and recovery of the forgotten password. The combination of these protocols allows emulating password logins in centralized systems.

Name of the Researcher:  Oleksandr Bodriagov

Name of the Supervisor(s):  Sonja Buchegger

Year of Completion:  2015

University:  KTH Royal Institute of Technology

Thesis Link:   Home Page Url