Research Area:  Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks
Software-defined Internet of Vehicles (SDIoV) has emerged as a promising field of study as it could overcome the shortcomings of traditional vehicular networks, such as offering efficient data transmission and traffic shaping in different vehicular scenarios to satisfy all the requirements of applications on the fly. Although routing solutions are lightly addressed for SDIoV, there are many limitations of routing protocols unaddressed in such environment. More precisely, shortest path routing algorithms are mostly focused in the state of the arts. This paper presents quality of service aware routing algorithm that forwards packets toward the most reliable and connected path to the destination. Particularly, candidate routes should satisfy metrics, such as signal to interference and noise ratio (SINR) constraint and have the highest probability of connectivity. To address these issues, we have formulated a discrete optimization problem to favor the best route among candidate paths and proposed the modified laying chicken algorithm (LCA) that results better results than the traditional approaches. We have mathematically analyzed the probability of connectivity along with the SINR metric. Moreover, a multiscore function based on traffic density and greediness factor is proposed to make intelligent decision at the intersections. Simulation results are used to validate the superiority of the proposed routing approach over the existing solutions.
Author(s) Name:  Kayhan Zrar Ghafoor,Linghe Kong,Danda B. Rawat,Eghbal Hosseini and Ali Safaa Sadiq
Journal name:  IEEE Internet of Things Journal
Publisher name:  IEEE
Volume Information:  Volume: 6, Issue: 2, April 2019
Paper Link:   https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8489882