Research Area:  Digital Forensics
In the digital multimedia era, digital forensics is becoming an emerging area of research thanks to the large amount of image and video files generated. Ensuring the integrity of such media is of great importance in many situations. This task has become more complex, especially with the progress of symmetrical and asymmetrical network structures which make their authenticity difficult. Consequently, it is absolutely imperative to discover all possible modes of manipulation through the development of new forensics detector tools. Although many solutions have been developed, tamper-detection performance is far from reliable and it leaves this problem widely open for further investigation. In particular, many types of multimedia fraud are difficult to detect because some evidences are not exploited. For example, the symmetry and asymmetry inconsistencies related to visual feature properties are potential when applied at multiple scales and locations. We explore here this topic and propose an understandable soft taxonomy and a deep overview of the latest research concerning multimedia forgery detection. Then, an in-depth discussion and future directions for further investigation are provided. This work offers an opportunity for researchers to understand the current active field and to help them develop and evaluate their own image/video forensics approaches.
Author(s) Name:  Sami Bourouis, Roobaea Alroobaea, Abdullah M. Alharbi, Murad Andejany, Saeed Rubaiee
Journal name:  Symmetry
Publisher name:  MDPI
Paper Link:   https://www.mdpi.com/2073-8994/12/11/1811