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Deep Learning for Object Detection and Scene Perception in Self-Driving Cars: Survey, Challenges, and Open Issues - 2021

Deep Learning For Object Detection And Scene Perception In Self-Driving Cars: Survey, Challenges, And Open Issues

Research Area:  Machine Learning

Abstract:

This article presents a comprehensive survey of deep learning applications for object detection and scene perception in autonomous vehicles. Unlike existing review papers, we examine the theory underlying self-driving vehicles from deep learning perspective and current implementations, followed by their critical evaluations. Deep learning is one potential solution for object detection and scene perception problems, which can enable algorithm-driven and data-driven cars. In this article, we aim to bridge the gap between deep learning and self-driving cars through a comprehensive survey. We begin with an introduction to self-driving cars, deep learning, and computer vision followed by an overview of artificial general intelligence. Then, we classify existing powerful deep learning libraries and their role and significance in the growth of deep learning. Finally, we discuss several techniques that address the image perception issues in real-time driving, and critically evaluate recent implementations and tests conducted on self-driving cars. The findings and practices at various stages are summarized to correlate prevalent and futuristic techniques, and the applicability, scalability and feasibility of deep learning to self-driving cars for achieving safe driving without human intervention. Based on the current survey, several recommendations for further research are discussed at the end of this article.

Keywords:  

Author(s) Name:  Abhishek Gupta, Alagan Anpalagan, Ling Guan, Ahmed Shaharyar Khwaja

Journal name:  Array

Conferrence name:  

Publisher name:  Elsevier

DOI:  10.1016/j.array.2021.100057

Volume Information:  Volume 10, July 2021, 100057