Research Area:  Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks
The public key infrastructure-based authentication protocol provides basic security services for the vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs). However, trust and privacy are still open issues due to the unique characteristics of VANETs. It is crucial to prevent internal vehicles from broadcasting forged messages while simultaneously preserving the privacy of vehicles against the tracking attacks. In this paper, we propose a blockchain-based anonymous reputation system (BARS) to establish a privacy-preserving trust model for VANETs. The certificate and revocation transparency is implemented efficiently with the proofs of presence and absence based on the extended blockchain technology. The public keys are used as pseudonyms in communications without any information about real identities for conditional anonymity. In order to prevent the distribution of forged messages, a reputation evaluation algorithm is presented relying on both direct historical interactions and indirect opinions about vehicles. A set of experiments is conducted to evaluate BARS in terms of security, validity, and performance, and the results show that BARS is able to establish a trust model with transparency, conditional anonymity, efficiency, and robustness for VANETs.
Author(s) Name:  Zhaojun Lu; Wenchao Liu; Qian Wang; Gang Qu; Zhenglin Liu
Journal name:  IEEE Access
Publisher name:  IEEE
Volume Information:  ( Volume: 6) Page(s): 45655 - 45664
Paper Link:   https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8428638